A. Liebhold's publications as of 28 Apr., 2017


(ISI ResearcherID: C-1423-2008)

(ORCID number 0000-0001-7427-6534)

Büntgen U, Greuter L, Bollmann K, Jenny H, Liebhold A, Galvan JD, Stenseth NC, Andrew C, Mysterud A (2017) Elevational range shifts in four mountain ungulate species from the Swiss Alps. Ecosphere 8(4): e01761. PDF

Lantschner, M.V., Atkinson, T.H., Corley, J.C. and Liebhold, A.M., 2017. Predicting North American Scolytinae invasions in the Southern Hemisphere. Ecological Applications, 27: 66-77. PDF

Kenis, M., A. Roques, A. Santini and A.M. Liebhold. 2017. Impact of Non-native Invertebrates and Pathogens on Market Forest Tree Resources. pp. 103-117 in: M. Vilà, P.E. Hulme (eds.), Impact of Biological Invasions on Ecosystem. Springer International Publishing, Switzerland. PDF

Hudgins, E.J., Liebhold, A.M. and Leung, B., 2017. Predicting the spread of all invasive forest pests in the United States. Ecology Letters 20: 426–435 279) PDF

Chase, K.D., D. Kelly, A.M. Liebhold, M.K. Bader, E.G. Brockerhoff. 2017. Long-distance dispersal of non-native pine bark beetles from host resources. Ecological Entomology 42: 173–183 PDF

Kauffman, B.W., W. K. Clatterbuck, A.M. Liebhold, and D.R. Coyle. 2017. Gypsy Moth in the Southeastern U.S.: Biology, Ecology, and Forest Management Strategies. Southern Regional Extension Forestry Forest Health Factsheet SREF-FH-008 PDF

Seebens, H. T.M. Blackburn, E.E. Dyer, P. Genovesi, P.E. Hulme, J.M. Jeschke, S. Pagad, P. Pyšek, M. Winter, M. Arianoutsou, S. Bacher, B. Blasius, G. Brundu, C. Capinha, L. Celesti-Grapow, W. Dawson, S. Dullinger, N. Fuentes, H. Jäger, J. Kartesz, M. Kenis, H. Kreft, I. Kühn, B. Lenzner, A. Liebhold, A. Mosena, D. Moser, M. Nishino, D. Pearman, J. Pergl, W. Rabitsch, J. Rojas-Sandoval, A. Roques, S. Rorke, S. Rossinelli, H.E. Roy, R. Scalera, S. Schindler, K. Štajerová, B. Tokarska-Guzik, M. van Kleunen, K. Walker, P. Weigelt, T. Yamanaka, F. Essl. 2017. No saturation in the accumulation of alien species worldwide. Nature Communications 8:14435. PDF

Morin, R.S., A.M. Liebhold, S.A. Pugh and S.J. Crocker. 2017. Regional assessment of emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis, impacts in forests of the Eastern United States. Biological Invasions 19:703–711. PDF

Liebhold, A.M. and Griffin, R.L., 2016. The Legacy of Charles Marlatt and Efforts to Limit Plant Pest Invasions. American Entomologist 62: 218-227. PDF

Weed, A.S., Ayres, M.P., Liebhold, A.M. and Billings, R.F., 2017. Spatio‐temporal dynamics of a tree‐killing beetle and its predator. Ecography 40: 221–234. PDF

Castedo-Dorado, F., G. Lago-Parra M.J. Lombardero, A.M. Liebhold and M.F.Álvarez-Taboada. 2016. European gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar dispar L.) completes development and defoliates exotic radiata pine plantations in Spain. New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science 46:18 PDF

Morin, R.S. and A.M. Liebhold.. 2016. Invasive forest defoliator contributes to the impending downward trend of oak dominance in eastern North America. Forestry 2016; 89: 284-289. PDF

Krivan, V., Lewis, M., Bentz, B.J., Bewick, S., Lenhart, S.M. and Liebhold, A., 2016. A dynamical model for bark beetle outbreaks. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 407: 25-37. PDF

Lovett, G.M., M. Weiss, A.M. Liebhold, T.P. Holmes, B. Leung, K.F. Lambert, D.A. Orwig, F.T. Campbell, J. Rosenthal, D.G. McCullough, R. Wildova, M.P. Ayres, C.D. Canham, D.R. Foster, S.L. LaDeau, and T. Weldy. 2016. Nonnative forest insects and pathogens in the United States: Impacts and policy options. Ecological Applications 26: 1437-1455. PDF

Tisseuil, C., A. Gryspeirt, R. Lancelot, M. Pioz, A. Liebhold and M. Gilbert. 2016. Evaluating methods to quantify spatial variation in the velocity of biological invasions. Ecography 39: 409–418, 2016. PDF

Roques, A., Auger-Rozenberg, M.A., Blackburn, T.M., Garnas, J., Pyšek, P., Rabitsch, W., Richardson, D.M., Wingfield, M.J., Liebhold, A.M. and Duncan, R.P., 2016. Temporal and interspecific variation in rates of spread for insect species invading Europe during the last 200 years. Biological Invasions 18:907–920 PDF

Liebhold, A.M., T. Yamanaka, A. Roques, S. Augustin, S. L. Chown, E. G. Brockerhoff, P. Pysek. 2016. Global compositional variation among native and non-native regional insect assemblages emphasizes the importance of pathways. Biological Invasions 18:893–899 PDF

Koenig, W. and A.M. Liebhold. 2016. Temporally increasing spatial synchrony of North American temperature and bird populations. Nature Climate Change 6:614-617. PDF

Liebhold A.M. L. Berec, E. G. Brockerhoff, R. S. Epanchin-Niell, A. Hastings, D. A. Herms, J. M. Kean, D. G. McCullough, D. M. Suckling, P. C. Tobin, T. Yamanaka. 2016. Eradication of Invading Insect Populations: from Concepts to Applications. Annual Review of Entomology 61:335–52. PDF

Iannone, B.V. III , K.M. Potter , Q. Guo , A.M. Liebhold , B.C. Pijanowski ,C.M. Oswalt and S.Fei. 2015. Biological invasion hotspots: a trait-based perspective reveals new sub-continental patterns. Ecography 38: 001–009 PDF

Elkinton, J., G. Boettner, A. Liebhold, and R. Gwiazdowski. 2015. Biology, Spread and Biological Control of winter moth in the eastern United States. FHTET-2014-07 PDF

Allstadt, A.J., A. M. Liebhold, D. M. Johnson, R. E. Davis, and K. J. Haynes. 2015. Temporal variation in the synchrony of weather and its consequences for spatiotemporal population dynamics. Ecology, 96: 2935–2946. PDF

Iannone, B. V., Oswalt, C. M., Liebhold, A. M., Guo, Q., Potter, K. M., Nunez‐Mir, G. C., ... & Fei, S. (2015). Region‐specific patterns and drivers of macroscale forest plant invasions. Diversity and Distributions, 21(10), 1181-1192. PDF

Yamanaka, T., Morimoto, N., Nishida, G. M., Kiritani, K., Moriya, S., & Liebhold, A. M. 2015. Comparison of insect invasions in North America, Japan and their Islands. Biological Invasions, 17: 3049-3061. PDF

Konter,O., J. Esper, A. Liebhold, T. Kyncl, L. Schneider, E. Düthorn, U. Büntgen. 2015. Tree-ring evidence for the historical absence of cyclic larch budmoth outbreaks in the Tatra Mountains Trees 29: 809-814 PDF

Tobin, P.C., A.M. Liebhold, E.A.. Roberts and L.M. Blackburn. 2015. Estimating Spread Rates of Non-native Species: The Gypsy Moth as a Case Study. pp. 131-145 in Venette, R.C.( ed.) Pest Risk Modelling and Mapping for Invasive Alien Species. CABI Pres. PDF

Epanchin-Niell, R.S. and A.M. Liebhold. 2015. Benefits of invasion prevention: Effect of time lags, spread rates, and damage persistence. Ecological Economics 116: 146–153 PDF

Morin, R. S., & Liebhold, A. M. 2015. Invasions by two non-native insects alter regional forest species composition and successional trajectories. Forest Ecology and Management 341: 67-74. PDF

Berec, L., J.M. Kean, R. Epanchin-Niell, A M. Liebhold and R.G. Haight (2015) Designing efficient surveys: spatial rrangement of sample points for detection of invasive species. Biological Invasions 17: 445-459 PDF

Liebhold, A.M. 2014. Responses to “Clear, Present, Significant, & Imminent Danger: Questions for the California Light Brown Apple Moth (Epiphyas postvittana) Technical Working Group”. American Entomologist 60:244-248. PDF

Corley JC, JM Villacide & A Liebhold. 2014. Can entomophagous nematodes slow the spread of invasive pest populations? The case study of Beddingia siricidicola released for the management of Sirex noctilio. Journal of Pest Science 87: 551–557 PDF

Brockerhoff , E.G., M. Kimberley, AM. Liebhold, R.A Haack and J.F. Cavey. (2014) Predicting how altering propagule pressure changes establishment rates of biological invaders across species pools. Ecology 95: 594–601. PDF

Liebhold, A. and M. Wingfield. 2014. Globalization and its Implications to Forest Health. pp. 36-47 in Nikolakis, W. and J. Innes (eds.) “Forests and Globalization: Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Development”. Routledge, Oxford, UK. PDF

Elkinton, J.S., A. Liebhold, G.H. Boetnner, M. Sremac. 2014. Invasion spread of Operophtera brumata in northeastern United States and hybridization with O. bruceata. Biological Invasions 16: 2263–2272 PDF

Li, X, E.L. Preisser, K.J. Boyle, T.P. Holmes, A. Liebhold and D. Orwig. 2014. Potential Social and Economic Impacts of the Hemlock Woolly Adelgid in Southern New England. Southeastern Naturalist 13:130-146. PDF

Siegert, N. W., McCullough, D. G., Liebhold, A. M., & Telewski, F. W. (2014). Dendrochronological reconstruction of the epicentre and early spread of emerald ash borer in North America. Diversity and Distributions. 20: 847–858. PDF

Tobin, P. C., Gray, D. R., & Liebhold, A. M. (2014). Supraoptimal temperatures influence the range dynamics of a non‐native insect. Diversity and Distributions. 20: 813–823. PDF

Reilly, J.R., A.E. Hajek, A.M. Liebhold, and R. Plymale. (2014) Impact of Entomophaga maimaiga (Entomophthorales: Entomophthoraceae) on Outbreak Gypsy Moth Populations (Lepidoptera: Erebidae): The Role of Weather. Environmental Entomology, 43: 632-641. PDF

Buntgen, U., W. Tegel, J.O. Kaplan, M. Schaub, F. Hagedorn, M. Burgi, R. Brazdil, G. Helle, M. Carrer, K.U. Heussner, J. Hofmann, R. Kontic, T. Kyncl, J. Kyncl, J.J. Camarero, W. Tinner, J. Esper & A. Liebhold (2013). Placing unprecedented recent fir growth in a European-wide and Holocene-long context. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 12: 100-106 PDF PDF

Brockerhoff, E.G., M. Kimberley, A.M. Liebhold, R.A. Haack and J.F. Cavey. 2014. Predicting how altering propagule pressure changes establishment rates of biological invaders across species pools. Ecology 95: 594-601 PDF

Buntgen, U., A.M. Liebhold, H. Jenny, A. Mysterud, S. Egli, D. Nievergelt, N.C. Stenseth and K. Bollmann. 2014. European springtime temperature synchronises ibex horn. Ecology Letters 17: 303–313. PDF

Lantschner, M.V., J.M. Villacide, J.R. Garnas, P. Croft, A.J. Carnegie, A.M. Liebhold and J.C. Corley. 2013. Temperature explains variable spread rates of the invasive woodwasp Sirex noctilio in the Southern Hemisphere. Biological Invasions 16: 29-339. PDF

Tobin, P.C., L.M. Blackburn, R.H. Gray, C.T. Lettau, A.M. Liebhold and K.F. Raffa. 2013. Using delimiting surveys to characterize the spatiotemporal dynamics facilitates the management of an invasive non-native insect. Population Ecology 55: 545-555 PDF

Trotter, RT III, RS Morin, SN Oswalt, AM Liebhold. 2013. Changes in the regional abundance of hemlock associated with the invasion of hemlock woolly adelgid (Adelges tsugae Annand) Biolical Invasions 15: 2667–2679. PDF

Liebhold, A.M., D.G. McCullough, L.M. Blackburn, S.J. Frankel, B. Von Holle and J.E. Aukema. 2013. A highly aggregated geographical distribution of forest pest invasions in the USA. Diversity and Distributions 19, 1208–1216. PDF

Walter D. Koenig, W.D., A.M. Liebhold, D.N. Bonter, W.M. Hochachka and J.L. Dickinson. 2013. Effects of the emerald ash borer invasion on four species of birds. Biological Invasions 15: 2095–2103. PDF

Liebhold, A.M., R. Plymale, J.S. Elkinton and A.E. Hajek. 2013. Emergent fungal entomopathogen does not alter density dependence in a viral competitor Ecology, 94: 1217–1222. PDF

Allstadt, A. J., Haynes, K. J., Liebhold, A. M., & Johnson, D. M. 2013. Long-term shifts in the cyclicity of outbreaks of a forest-defoliating insect. Oecologia 172: 141-151. PDF

Haynes, K.J., O.N. Bjørnstad, A.J. Allstadt, and A.M. Liebhold. 2013. Geographical variation in the spatial synchrony of a forest-defoliating insect: isolation of environmental and spatial drivers. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 280: 20122373. PDF

Donovan, G.H., D.T. Butry, Y.L. Michael, J.P. Prestemon, A.M. Liebhold, D. Gatziolis and M.Y Mao. 2013. The Relationship Between Trees and Human Health Evidence from the Spread of the Emerald Ash Borer. American Journal of Preventative Medicine 44: 139 –145. PDF

Koenig, W.E. and A.M. Liebhold. 2013. Avian Predation Pressure as a Potential Driver of Periodical Cicada Cycle Length. The American Naturalist 181: 145-149 PDF

Britton, K.O. and A.M. Liebhold. One world, many pathogens! New Phytologist 197: 9–10. (DOI: 10.1111/nph.12053) PDF

Liebhold, A.M. 2012. Forest pest management in a changing world. International Journal of Pest Management, 58: 289-295. PDF

Liebhold, A.M. 2012. Synchrony, Spatial. pp 734-737 in “Encyclopedia of Theoretical Ecology” (A. Hastings and L.J. Gross, eds.). University of California Press.

Epanchin-Niell, R.S., R.G. Haight, L. Berec, J.M. Kean, and A.M. Liebhold. 2012. Optimal surveillance and eradication of invasive species in heterogeneous landscapes. Ecology Letters 15: 803–812 doi: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2012.01800.x PDF

Blackwood, J., L. Berec, T. Yamanaka, R. Epanchin-Niell, A. Hastings, and A. Liebhold. 2012. Bioeconomic synergism between tactics for insect eradication in the presence of Allee effects. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 279: 2807–2815. PDF

Liebhold A.M., Brockerhoff E.G., Garrett L.J., Parke J.L. and Britton K.O. 2012. Live Plant Imports: the Major Pathway for Forest Insect and Pathogen Invasions of the United States. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10: 135–143 PDF

Haynes, K.J., A.M. Liebhold and D.M. 2012. Johnson. Elevational gradient in the cyclicity of a forest-defoliating insect. Population Ecology 54:239–250. PDF

Pugh, S.A., A.M. Liebhold and R.S. Morin. 2011. Changes in ash tree demography associated with emerald ash borer invasion, indicated by regional forest inventory data from the Great Lakes States. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 41: 2165–2175. PDF

Aukema JE, Leung B, Kovacs K, Chivers C, Britton KO, Englin J, Frankel SJ, Haight RG,. Holmes TP, Liebhold AM, McCullough DG, Von Holle B (2011) Economic Impacts of Non-Native Forest Insects in the Continental United States. PLoS ONE 6(9): e24587. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0024587 PDF

Kovacs, K., R.J. Mercader, R.G. Haight, D.G. McCullough, N.W. Siegert, and A.M. Liebhold. 2011. The influence of satellite populations of emerald ash borer on projected economic costs in U.S. communities, 2010-2020. Journal of Environmental Management 92: 2170-2181 PDF

Tobin, P.C., L. Berec and A.M. Liebhold. 2011. Exploiting Allee effects for managing biological invasions. Ecology Letters 14: 615–624. PDF

Koenig, W.D., E.L. Walters and A.M. Liebhold. 2011. Effects of Gypsy Moth Outbreaks on North American Woodpeckers. The Condor 113: 352–361. PDF

Koenig, W.D., L. Ries, V.B.K. Olsen and A.M. Liebhold. 2011. Ecology, Avian predators are less abundant during periodical cicada emergences, but why? 92: 784–790 PDF

Mercader, R.J., N.W. Siegert, A.M. Liebhold and D.G. McCullough. 2011. Simulating the effectiveness of three potential management options to slow the spread of emerald ash borer populations in localized outlier sites. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 41: 254–26 PDF

Mercader, R.J., N.W. Siegert, , A.M. Liebhold, and D.G. McCullough. 2011. Influence of foraging behavior and host spatial distribution on the localized spread of the emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis. Population Ecology 53: 271-285. PDF

Garnas, J.R., M.P. Ayres, A.M. Liebhold and C. Evans. 2011. Subcontinental impacts of an invasive tree disease on forest structure and dynamics. Journal of Ecology 99, 532¿541 PDF

Johnson, D.M., U. Büntgen, D.C. Frank, K. Kausrud, K.J. Haynes, A.M. Liebhold, J. Esper, and N.C. Stenseth. 2010. Climatic warming disrupts recurrent Alpine insect outbreaks. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107: 20576¿20581. PDF

Aukema, J.E., D.G. McCullough, B. Von Holle, A.M. Liebhold, K. Britton and S.J. Frankel. 2010. Historical Accumulation of Nonindigenous Forest Pests in the Continental US. Bioscience 60: 886-897. PDF

Tobin, P.C. and A.M. Liebhold. 2011. Gypsy Moth. pp 298-304 in: ÒEncyclopedia of Biological InvasionsÓ (Simberloff, D. and M. Rejma?nek, eds.) University of California Press, Berkeley. PDF

Liebhold, A.M. and D.G. McCullough. 2011. Forest Insects. pp 238-241 in: ÒEncyclopedia of Biological InvasionsÓ (Simberloff, D. and M. Rejma?nek, eds.) University of California Press, Berkeley. PDF

Gilbert, M. and A. Liebhold. 2010. Comparing methods for measuring the rate of spread of invading populations. Ecography 33: 809?817, 2010. (doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0587.2009.06018.x) PDF

Holmes, T.P., A.M. Liebhold, K.F. Kovacs, B. Von Holle, 2010. A spatial-dynamic value transfer model of economic losses from a biological invasion. Ecological Economics 70: 86¿95. PDF

Kovacs, K., R. G. Haight, D. McCullough, R. Mercader, N. Siegert, and A.M. Liebhold. 2010. Cost of Potential Emerald Ash Borer Damage in U.S. Communities, 2009-2019. Ecological Economics, 69: 569-578. PDF

Brockerhoff, E.G., A.M. Liebhold, B. Richardson and D.M. Suckling. 2010. Eradication of invasive forest insects: concepts, methods, costs and benefits. New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science 40 suppl.: S117-S135 (ISSN 1179-539) PDF

Bjørnstad, O.N., C. Robinet, and A.M. Liebhold. 2010. Geographic variation in the North-American gypsy moth cycles: sub-harmonics, generalist predators and spatial coupling. Ecology 91: 106-118 (doi: 10.1890/08-1246.1) PDF

Liebhold, A.M. and P.C. Tobin. 2010. Exploiting the Achilles Heels of Pest Invasions: Allee Effects, Stratified Dispersal and Management of Forest Insect Establishment and Spread. New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science 40 suppl.: S25-S33 PDF

Büntgen, U., D. Frank, A. Liebhold, D. Johnson, M. Carrer, C. Urbinati, M. Grabner, K. Nicolussi, T. Levanic, and J. Esper. 2009. Three centuries of insect outbreaks across the European Alps. New Phytologist 182: 929–941 (doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2009.02825.x) PDF

Orozumbekov, A.A., A.M. Liebhold, V.I. Ponomarev and P.C. Tobin. 2009. Gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) in Central Asia. American Entomologist 55: 258-264. PDF

Haynes, K.J., A.M. Liebhold, T.M. Fearer, G. Wang, G.W. Norman, D.M. Johnson. 2009. Spatial synchrony propagates through a forest food web via consumer–resource interactions. Ecology 90: 2974–2983. (DOI: 10.1890/08-1709.1) PDF

Morin, R.S., A.M. Liebhold and K.W. Gottschalk. 2009. Anisotropic Spread of Hemlock Woolly Adelgid in the Eastern United States. Biological Invasions 11: 2341–2350 (DOI 10.1007/s10530-008-9420-1) PDF

Mercader, R.J., N.W. Siegert, , A.M. Liebhold, and D.G. McCullough. 2009. Dispersal of the emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis, in newly-colonized sites. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 11: 421–424. (DOI: 10.1111/j.1461-9563.2009.00451.x) PDF

Robinet, C. and A.M. Liebhold. 2009. Dispersal polymorphism in an invasive forest pest affects its ability to establish. Ecological Applications 19: 1935–1943 PDF

Yamanaka, T. and A.M. Liebhold. 2009. Mate-location failure, the Allee effect, and the establishment of invading populations. Population Ecology 51: 337-340. DOI 10.1007/s10144-009-0158-0 PDF

Kramer, A.M., B. Dennis, A.M. Liebhold and J.M. Drake. 2009. The evidence for Allee effects. Population Ecology 51: 341-354. DOI 10.1007/s10144-009-0152-6 PDF

Tobin, P.C., C. Robinet, D.M. Johnson, S.L. Whitmire, O.N. Bjørnstad, and A.M. Liebhold. 2009. The role of Allee effects in gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar (L.)) invasions. Population Ecology 51: 373-384. DOI 10.1007/s10144-009-0144-6 PDF

Yamanaka, T. and A.M. Liebhold. Spatially implicit approaches to understanding the manipulation of mating success for insect invasion management. Population Ecology 51: 427-444. DOI 10.1007/s10144-009-0155-3 PDF

Holmes, T.P., J.E. Aukema, B.VonHolle, A. Liebhold and E. Sills. 2009. Economic Impacts of Invasive Species in Forests Past, Present, and Future. The Year in Ecology and Conservation Biology. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 1162: 18–38. (DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2009.04446.x) PDF

Haynes, K.J, A.M. Liebhold and D.M. Johnson. 2009. Spatial analysis of harmonic oscillation in gypsy moth outbreak intensity. Oecologia 159:249–256 (DOI 10.1007/s00442-008-1207-7) PDF

Kelly, D., W.D. Koenig, and A.M. Liebhold. 2008. An intercontinental comparison of the dynamic behavior of mast seeding communities. Population Ecology 50: 329–342 (DOI 10.1007/s10144-008-0114-4) PDF

Bjørnstad, O.N.,A.M. Liebhold and D.M. Johnson. 2008. Transient synchronization following invasion: revisiting Moran’s model and a case study. Population Ecology 50:379–389 (DOI 10.1007/s10144-008-0105-5) PDF

Robinet, C., D. R. Lance, K. W. Thorpe, K. S. Onufrieva, P. C. Tobin and A. M. Liebhold. 2008. Dispersion in time and space affect mating success and Allee effects in invading gypsy moth populations. Journal of Animal Ecology 77: 966–973 (doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2656.2008.01417.x) PDF

Bogich, T.L., A.M. Liebhold, and K. Shea. 2008. To sample or eradicate? A cost minimization model for monitoring and managing an invasive species Journal of Applied Ecology 45: 1134–1142. PDF

Liebhold, A.M. 2008. Warder Allee’s escape from obscurity (book review). Trends in Ecology and Evolution 23: 297-298. PDF

Liebhold, A.M., Naoto Kamata, Marek Turcáni. 2008. Inference of Adult Female Dispersal from the Distribution of Gypsy Moth Egg Masses in a Japanese City. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 10: 69–73 PDF

Liebhold, A.M., P.C. Tobin. 2008. Population Ecology of Insect Invasions and Their Management. Annual Review of Entomology 53:387–408. PDF

Morin, R.S., A.M. Liebhold, P.C. Tobin, K.W. Gottschalk and E. Luzader. 2007. Spread of Beech Bark Disease in the Eastern United States and its Relationship to Regional Forest Composition. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 37: 726-736. PDF

Liebhold, A.M., A.A. Sharov, and P.C. Tobin. 2007. Population Biology of Gypsy Moth Spread. pp. 15-32 in “Slow the Spread: A National Program to Manage the Gypsy Moth” (P.C. Tobin and L.M. Blackburn, eds.) USDA Forest Service Northern Research Station General Technical Report NRS-6. PDF

Robinet, C., A. Liebhold, D. Gray. 2007. Variation in developmental time affects mating success and Allee effects. Oikos 116: 1227-1237. PDF

Tobin, P.C., A.M. Liebhold and E.A. Roberts. 2007. Comparison of methods for estimating the spread of a non-indigenous species. Journal of Biogeography 34: 305–312 PDF

Esper, J., U. Buntgen, David C. Frank, Daniel Nievergelt and A. Liebhold. 2007. 1200 years of regular outbreaks in alpine insects. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 274: 671–679 PDF

Tobin, P.C., S.L. Whitmire, D.M. Johnson, O.N. Bjornstad and A.M. Liebhold. 2007. Invasion speed is affected by geographic variation in the strength of Allee effects. Ecology Letters, 2007 10: 36–43 PDF

Johnson, D.M., A.M. Liebhold, P.C. Tobin and O.N. Bjornstad. 2006. Allee effects and Pulsed invasion by the gypsy moth. Nature 444: 361-263 PDF

Liebhold, A.M. and P.C. Tobin. 2006. Growth of newly established alien populations: comparison of North American gypsy moth colonies with invasion theory. Population Ecology 48: 253-262 PDF

McCullough, D.G., T.T. Work, J.F. Cavey, A.M. Liebhold and D. Marshall. 2006. Interceptions of nonindigenous plant pests at US ports of entry and border crossings over a 17-year period. Biological Invasions 8: 611–630 PDF

Johnson, D. M., A.M. Liebhold and O. N. Bjornstad. 2006. Geographical variation in the periodicity of gypsy moth outbreaks. Ecography 29: 367-374. PDF

Nansen, C., A. Liebhold and P. Tobin. 2006. Contour Mapping and Number of Point Observations. Journal of Economic Entomology 99: 599-600. (letter to the editor) PDF

Johnson, D. M., O. N. Bjornstad, and A.M. Liebhold. 2006. Landscape mosaic induces traveling waves in insect outbreaks. Oecologia 148: 51–60. PDF

Liebhold, A.M., T.T. Work, McCullough, D.G. and J.F. Cavey. 2006. Airline Baggage as a Pathway for Alien Insect Species Entering the United States. American Entomologist 52: 48-54. PDF

Liebhold, A.M., D.M. Johnson and O.N. Bjornstad. 2006. Geographic variation in density-dependent dynamics impacts the synchronizing effect of dispersal and regional stochasticity. Population Ecology 48:131–13. PDF

Liebhold, A.M. 2006. Demilitarizing invasion biology (letter to the editor). Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 4: 66. PDF

Kamata, N., A.M. Liebhold, D.T. Quiring, and K.M. Clancy (editors). 2006. Proceedings IUFRO Kanazawa 2003 International Symposium "Forest Insect Population Dynamics and Host Influences" Kanazawa University, Kanazawa. 176 pp. PDF

Turcani, M., J. Novotny, A.M. Liebhold, M. McManus. 2006. Preliminary Results on Predation of Gypsy Moth Pupae during a Period of Latency in Slovakia pp. 72-77 in: Proceedings IUFRO Kanazawa 2003 International Symposium "Forest Insect Population Dynamics and Host Influences" (N. Kamata, A.M. Liebhold, D.T. Quiring, and K.M. Clancy, editors) Kanazawa University, Kanazawa. 176 pp. PDF

Morin, R.S., A.M. Liebhold, K.W. Gottschalk, C.W. Woodall, D.B. Twardus, R.L. White, S.B. Horsley, T.E. Ristau, Todd E. 2006. Analysis of forest health monitoring surveys on the Allegheny National Forest (1998-2001). U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station, Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-339. 102 pp. PDF

Brockerhoff, E.G, A.M. Liebhold, and H. Jactel. 2006. The ecology of forest insect invasions and advances in their management. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 36(2): 263-268. PDF

Okland, A.M. Liebhold, O.N. Bjornstad, N. Erbilgin, and P. Krokene. 2005. Are bark beetle outbreaks less synchronous than forest Lepidoptera outbreaks? Oecologia 146: 365–372 PDF

Liebhold, K.F. Raffa, A. Diss. 2005. Forest type affects predation on gypsy moth pupae. Agricultural and Forest Entomology. 7: 179–185 PDF

Johnson, , D.M., A.M. Liebhold, O.N. Bjornstad, and M.L. McManus. 2005 Circumpolar variation in periodicity and synchrony among gypsy moth populations. J. Anim. Ecol. 74: 882–892 PDF

Koenig, W.D. and A.M. Liebhold. 2005. Effects of periodical cicada emergences on abundance and synchrony of avian populations. Ecology 86: 1873-1882 PDF

Morin, R.S., A.M. Liebhold, E.R. Luzader, A.J. Lister, K.W. Gottschalk and D.B. Twardus. 2004. Mapping Host-Species Abundance of Three Major Exotic Forest Pests. USDA Forest Service Northeastern Research Station Research Paper NE-726. PDF

Tobin, P.C., A.A. Sharov, A.M. Liebhold, D.S. Leonard, E.A. Roberts, and M.R. Learn. 2004. Management of the gypsy moth through a decision algorithm under the STS Project. American Entomologist 50: 200-209. PDF

Raimondo, S. , M. Turcáni, J. Patoèka, A.M. Liebhold,. 2004. Interspecific synchrony among foliage-feeding forest Lepidoptera species and the potential role of generalist predators as possible synchronizing agents. Oikos 107: 462-470. PDF

Elkinton, J.S., A.M. Liebhold, and R.M. Muzika. Effects of Alternative Prey on Predation by Small Mammals on Gypsy Moth Pupae. Population Ecology 46: 171-178 PDF

Johnson, D.M., O.N. Bjornstad, and A.M. Liebhold. 2004. Landscape geometry and traveling waves in the larch budmoth. Ecology Letters 7: 967–974 PDF

Liebhold, A.M., K.W. Gottschalk, J.M. Guldin, R.M. Muzika. 2004. Gypsy Moth defoliation potential in the Ozark / Ouachita Highlands. pp. 267-272 in: Guldin, James M., tech. comp. 2004. “Ouachita and Ozark Mountains symposium: ecosystem management research.” U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS–74. 321 p PDF

Morin, R.S., A.M. Liebhold, K.W. Gottschalk. 2004. Area-Wide Analysis of Hardwood Defoliator Effects on Tree Conditions in the Allegheny Plateau. Northern Journal of Applied Forestry 21:.31-39 PDF

Liebhold, A.M., W.D. Koenig and O.N. Bjornstad. 2004. Spatial Synchrony in Population Dynamics. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics. 35:467–90 PDF

Muzika, R.M., S.T. Grushecky, A.M. Liebhold and R.L. Smith. 2004. Using thinning as a management tool for gypsy moth: the influence on small mammal abundance. Forest Ecology and Management 192 349-359. PDF

Muzika, R.M., R.P. Guyette, T. Zielonka, and A.M. Liebhold. 2004. The influence of O3, NO2 and SO2 on growth of Picea abies and Fagus sylvatica in the Carpathian Mountains. Environmental Pollution, 130: 65-71, 2004. PDF

Raimondo, S., A. M. Liebhold, J. S. Strazanac, and L. Butler. 2004. Spatial synchrony within and among Lepidoptera species: Patterns of synchrony in relation to climate, phylogeny, and larval phenology. Ecological Entomology. 29: 96-105. PDF

Liebhold, A., V. Sork, M. Peltonen, W. Koenig, O. Bjornstad, R. Westfall, J. Elkinton, J. Knops. 2004. Within-population spatial synchrony in mast seeding of North American oaks. Oikos 104: 156-164 PDF

McManus, Michael L., Liebhold, Andrew M., eds. 2003 Proceedings: Ecology, Survey, and Management of Forest Insects; 2002 September 1-5; Krakow, Poland. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station Gen.Tech. Rep. NE-311, 178p. PDF

Turcáni, M., A. Liebhold, M. McManus, and J. Novotny. 2003. Preliminary results on predation of gypsy moth egg masses in Slovakia. Pp. 115- 120 in: McManus, Michael L., Liebhold, Andrew M., (eds.) “Proceedings: Ecology, Survey, and Management of Forest Insects; 2002 September 1-5; Krakow, Poland”. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station Gen.Tech. Rep. NE-311, 178p. PDF

Liebhold, A. and J. Elkinton. 2003. Oak mast seeding as a direct cause of gypsy moth outbreaks? (a response to Selas) Population Ecology 45: 160-161. PDF

Liebhold, A.M. 2003. Alien species, agents of global change: Ecology and management of the gypsy moth in North America as a case history. Pp 71-75 in Proceedings International Symposium of the Kanazawa University 21st Century COE Program Volume 1 (Kamata, N, editor). Kanazawa University, Japan. PDF

Koenig, W.D. and A.M. Liebhold. Regional impacts of periodical cicadas on oak radial increment. Can. J. For. Res. 33: 1084-1089. PDF

Franklin, A.J., A.M. Liebhold, K. Murray, C. Donahue. 2003. Canopy herbivore community structure: large-scale geographical variation and relation to forest composition. Ecological Entomology 28: 278-290. PDF

Liebhold, A.M. and J. Bascompte. 2003. The allee effect, stochastic dynamics and the eradication of alien species. Ecology Letters 6: 133-140. PDF

Sharov, A.A., D.Leonard, A.M. Liebhold, and N.S. Clemens. (2002) Evaluation of Preventive Treatments in Low-Density Gypsy Moth Populations. J. Econ. Entomol. 95: 1205-1215. PDF

Peltonen, M., A.M. Liebhold, O.N. Bjornstad and D.W. Williams. 2002. Spatial Synchrony in Forest Insect Outbreaks: Roles of Regional Stochasticity and Dispersal. Ecology 83: 3120-3129. PDF

Muzika, R.M., R. Guyette, T. Zielonka and A. Liebhold. 2002. The influence of air pollution on tree growth in the Carpathain Mountains. Pp. 185-193 in “Effects of Air pollution on Forest Health and Biodiversity in Forests of the Carpathian Mountains R.C. Szaro, A. Bytnerowicz, and Július Oszlányi, eds.) IOS Press, Amsterdam.

Bjornstad, O.N. , M. Peltonen, A.M. Liebhold, W.Baltensweiler. 2002. Waves of Larch Budmoth Outbreaks in the European Alps. Science 298: 1020-1023. PDF online supplement

Sharov A.A.; Leonard D.; Liebhold A.M.; Roberts E.A.; Dickerson W. 2002. “Slow The Spread”: A National Program to Contain the Gypsy Moth. Journal of Forestry, 100: 30-36. PDF

Liebhold, A.M. and J.S. Gurevitch. 2002. Integrating the Statistical Analysis of Spatial Data in Ecology. Ecography 25: 553-557. PDF

Perry, J.N., A.M. Liebhold, M. S. Rosenberg, J. Dungan, M. Miriti, A. Jakomulska, and S. Citron-Pousty.2002. Illustrations and Guidelines for Selecting Statistical Methods for Quantifying Spatial Pattern in Ecological Data. Ecography 25: 578-600. PDF

Williams, D.W. and A.M. Liebhold. 2002. Climate change and the outbreak ranges of two North American bark beetles. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 4: 87-100. PDF

Morin, R.S., A.M. Liebhold, K.W. Gottschalk, , R. Acciavatti, D. Twardus, R. White, S. Horsley, W. Smith. 2001. Forest Health Conditions on the Allegheny National Forest (1989-1999): Analysis of Forest Health Monitoring Surveys. USDA Forest Service Forest Health Protection NA Technical Report NA-TP-04-01 PDF

Curriero, F.C., M.E. Hohn, A.M. Liebhold and S.R. Lele. 2002. A statistical evaluation of non-ergodic variogram estimators. Environmental and Ecological Statistics 9: 89-110. PDF

Buonaccorsi, J.P., J.S. Elkinton, S.R. Evans, and A.M. Liebhold. 2001. Measuring and testing for spatial synchrony. Ecology 82: 1668-1679. PDF

Liebhold, A.M., M.L. McManus, I.S. Otvos, S.L.C. Fosbroke (editors). 2001. Proceedings Integrated Management and Dynamics of Forest Defoliating Insects. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report NE-277. 167 pp. PDF

Muzika, R.M. and A.M. Liebhold. 2001. Effects of Gypsy Moth Defoliation in Oak-Pine Forests in the Northeastern United States. Pp 117-123 in Liebhold, A.M., M.L. McManus, I.S. Otvos, S.L.C. Fosbroke (editors). “Proceedings Integrated Management and Dynamics of Forest Defoliating Insects” USDA Forest Service General Technical Report NE-277. PDF

Liebhold, A.,  J. Elkinton, D. Williams, R.-M. Muzika. 2000. What causes outbreaks of the gypsy moth in North America? Popul. Ecol. 42: 257-266. PDF

Liebhold, A., N. Kamata. 2000. Are population cycles and spatial synchrony a universal characteristic of forest insect populations? Popul Ecol 42: 205-209 PDF

Muzika, R.M, A.M. Liebhold, and M.J. Twery. 2000. Dynamics of Agrilus bilineatus (twolined chestnut borer) as influenced by Lymantria dispar L. (gypsy moth) defolation and selection thinning. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 2: 283-289. PDF

Williams, D. W., A. M. Liebhold (2000)  Spatial scale and the detection of density dependence in spruce budworm outbreaks in eastern North America. Oecologia 124:  544-552. PDF

Gottschalk, K.W. and A.M. Liebhold. 2000. How to reduce gypsy moth effects on central hardwood forests. Pp. 200-211 in “Transactions of the 65 North American Wildlife and Natural Resource Conference. (R.E. McCabe and S.E. Loos, eds.) Wildlife Management Institute, Washington, DC.

Williams, D.W. and A.M. Liebhold. 2000. Spatial synchrony of spruce budworm outbreaks in eastern North America. Ecology 81: 2753–2766. PDF

Elkinton, J.S., W.M. Healy, J.P. Buonaccorsi, and A.M. Liebhold. 2001. Gypsy Moths and Forest Dynamics. In:  'Oak Forest Ecosystems: Ecology and Management for Wildlife" edited by W. J. McShea and W. M. Healy, Johns Hopkins press.(in press)

Williams, D.W., R.P. Long, P.M. Wargo, and A.M. Liebhold. 2000. Effects of climate change on forest insect and disease outbreaks. pp. 455-494 in “Responses of northern U.S. forests to environmental change” (Mickler, R.A., Birdsey, R.A., Hom, J., eds.) Ecological Studies, Vol. 139. Springer-Verlag, New York. PDF

Muzika, R.M. and A.M. Liebhold, 2000. “A critique of silvicultural approaches to managing defoliating insects in North America” Agricultural. and Forest Entomlogy 2: 97-105. PDF

Muzika, R.M, and A.M. Liebhold. 1999. Effects of gypsy moth defoliation on radial growth of host and non-host tree species. Can. J. For. Res. 29: 1365 -1373. PDF

Liebhold, A.M., R.M. Muzika, A.A. Sharov, and D.W. Williams. 1998. Landscape approaches to understanding gypsy moth population ecology. Recent Research Developments in Entomology 2: 87-102.

Liebhold, A. and M. McManus. 1999. The evolving use of insecticides in gypsy moth management. Journal of Forestry 97: 20-23.

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Sharov, A.A. B.C. Pijanowski, A.M. Liebhold and S.H. Gage. 1999. What effects the rate of gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantirriae spread: winter temperature or forest susceptibility? Agric. And For. Entomology 1: 37-45. PDF

Sharov, A. A., and A. M. Liebhold. 1998. Model of slowing the spread of the gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) with a barrier zone. Ecol. Appl. 8: 1170-1179. PDF

Liebhold, A.M., R.M. Muzika, , and K.W. Gottschalk. 1998. Does forest thinning affect gypsy moth dynamics? For. Sci. 27: 268-276. PDF

M.L. McManus and A.M. Liebhold, editors. 1998. Proceedings: Population Dynamics, Impacts, and Integrated Management of Forest Defoliating Insects. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report NE-247.

Elkinton, J.S., W.M. Healy, J.P. Buonaccorsi, G. Boettner, H.R. Smith, and A.M. Liebhold. 1998. Gypsy moths, mice and acorns. Pp. 25-33  In M.L. McManus and A.M. Liebhold, editors. Proceedings: Population Dynamics, Impacts, and Integrated Management of Forest Defoliating Insects. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report NE-247.

Sharov, A.A. and A.M. Liebhold. 1998. Bioeconomics of managing the spread of exotic pest species with barrier zones. Ecol. Appl. 8: 833-845. PDF

Sharov, A. A., A. M. Liebhold and E. A. Roberts. 1998. Optimizing the use of barrier zones to slow the spread of gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) populations in North America. J. Econ. Entomol. 91: 165-174.

Liebhold, A.M., G. Zhou, F.W. Ravlin, A. Roberts, and R. Reardon. 1998 Forecasting Gypsy Moth Defoliation with a Geographical Information System. J. Econ. Entomol. 91: 464-472.. PDF

Liebhold, A.M., Y. Higashiura, and A. Unno. 1998. Forest type affects predation on gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) pupae in Japan. Environ. Entomol. 27: 858-862. PDF


Grushecky, S.T., A.M.  Liebhold, R.Greer, and R.L. Smith 1998. Does Forest Thinning Affect Predation on Gypsy Moth (Lepidoptera:Lymantriidae) Larvae and Pupae? Environmental Entomology 27: 268-276. PDF

Liebhold, A.M. and A.A. Sharov. 1998. Testing for correlation in the presence of spatial autocorrelation in insect count data. pp. 111-117 in J. Baumgartner, P. Brandmayr, and B.F.J. Manly, eds, “Population and Community Ecology for Insect Management and Conservation”. Balkema, Rotterdam. PDF

Sharov, A. A., and A. M. Liebhold. 1998.Quantitative analysis of gypsy moth spread in the Central Appalachians. pp. 99-110 in J. Baumgartner, P. Brandmayr, and B.F.J. Manly, eds, “Population and Community Ecology for Insect Management and Conservation”. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Liebhold, A.M., K.W. Gottschalk D.A. Mason, R.R. Bush. 1997. Evaluation of Forest Susceptibility to the Gypsy Moth across the Conterminous United States. J. Forestry 95: 20-24.

Gregoire, J.C.,  A.M. Liebhold, F.M. Stephen, K.R. Day, and S.M. Salom, editors. 1997. Proceedings IUFRO conference, Integrating cultural tactics into the management of bark beetle and reforestation pests. USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-236.  243  pp.

Muzika, R.M, K.W. Gottschalk and A.M. Liebhold. 1997. Silvicultural methods of Lymantria dispar management: Effects on Agrilus bilineatus populations. Pp 9-14 In: "Proceedings IUFRO conference, "Integrating cultural tactics into the management of bark beetle and reforestation pests" (J.C. Gregoire, A.M. Liebhold, F.M. Stephen, K.R. Day, and S.M. Salom, eds.).USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-236.

Sharov, A.A., A.M. Liebhold and E.A. Roberts. 1997. Spatial variation among counts of gypsy moths (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) in pheromone-baited traps at the expanding front. Environ. Entomol 25: 1312-1320.

Sharov, A. A., A. M. Liebhold and E. A. Roberts. 1997. Correlation of counts of gypsy moths (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) in pheromone traps with landscape characteristics. For. Sci. 43: 483-490.

Sharov, A. A., A. M. Liebhold and E. A. Roberts. 1997. Methods for monitoring the spread of gypsy moth (Lepidotperta: Lymantriidae) populations in the Appalachian Mountains. J. Econ. Entomol.  90: 1259-1266.

Williams, D.W. and A.M. Liebhold. 1997. Insect herbivore disturbance models. Pp. 113-114. In R. Birdsey et al. eds. USDA Forest Service Global Change Research Program Highlights: 1991-95. USDA For. Serv. Gen Tech Rep NE-237.

Sharov, A.A., A.M. Liebhold and E.A. Roberts. 1997. Gypsy moth spread in the Central Appalachians: Comparison of population boundaries obtained from male moth capture, egg mass counts, and defoliation records Environ. Entomol 24:  783-792.

Muzika, R.M. and A.M. Liebhold. 1997. Ecological effects of introduced species in North America. Acta Phyt. Entomol. Hung. 32: 161-170.

Williams, D. W., and A. M. Liebhold. 1997. Latitudinal shifts in spruce budworm (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) outbreaks and spruce-fir forest distributions with climate change. Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica 32: 205–215.

Liebhold, A.M., K.W. Gottschalk, E.R. Luzader, D.A. Mason, R. Bush and D.B. Twardus. 1997. Gypsy moth in the United States: An Atlas. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report NE-233. 33 pp. PDF

Liebhold, A.M., K.W. Gottschalk, D.A. Mason, R.R. Bush. 1997. Forest Susceptibility to the Gypsy Moth. J. Forestry 95: 20-24.

Williams, D.W. and A.M. Liebhold. 1997. Detection of delayed density dependence: reply to A. Berryman and P. Turchin. Ecology 78: 320-322.

Elkinton, J.S., W.M. Healy, J.P. Buonaccorsi, G.H. Boettner, A. Hazzard, A.M. Liebhold and H.R. Smith. 1996. Interactions among gypsy moths, white-footed mice, and acorns. Ecology 77: 2332-2342. PDF

Sharov, A. A., A. M. Liebhold, and E. A. Roberts. 1996. Spatial variation among counts of gypsy moths (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) in pheromone-baited traps at expanding population fronts. Environ. Entomol.  25: 1312-1320.

Sharov, A. A., A. M. Liebhold, and E. A. Roberts. 1996. Spread of gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) in the Central Appalachians: Comparison of population boundaries obtained from male moth capture, egg mass counts, and defoliation records. Environ. Entomol. 25: 783-792.

Liebhold, A., E. Luzader, R. Reardon, A. Bullard, A. Roberts, F.W. Ravlin, S. DeLost, and B. Spears. 1996. Use of a geographical information system to evaluate regional treatment effects in a gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) Management Program. J. Econ. Entomol. 17: 560-566. PDF

Liebhold, A.M., N. Kamata, and. T. Jacob.1996. Historical outbreaks of the beech caterpillar, Quadricalcarifera punctatella (Motschulsky) in Japan: Periodicity, synchrony and Relationships with weather. Res. Popul. Ecol. 38: 87-94.

Zhou, G. and A.M. Liebhold. 1995. Forecasting gypsy moth defoliation with a geographical information system. Entomologae Sinica (China) 2: 83-94.

Williams, D.W. and A.M. Liebhold. 1995. Influence of weather on the synchrony of gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) outbreaks in New England. Environ. Entomol.  24: 987-995

Williams, D.W. and A.M. Liebhold. 1995. Herbivorous insects and global change: potential changes in the spatial distribution of forest defoliator outbreaks. Journal of Biogeography 22: 665-671. PDF

Sharov, A.A., A.M. Liebhold and F.W. Ravlin. 1995. Gypsy Moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) mating success and predation on females. Environ. Entomol. 24: 1239-1244. PDF

Sharov, A.A., E.A. Roberts, F.W. Ravlin, and A.M. Liebhold. 1995. Gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) spread in the Central Appalachians: Three methods for species boundary estimation. Environ. Entomol. 24: 1529-1538.

DeBenedictis, J.A., A.M. Liebhold and J.A. Powell. 1996. Studies of pheromone attraction and inheritance in the central Sierra Nevada, CA, using virgin females of Choristoneura spp. Univ. of Calif. Publications in Entomology 115: 153-165

Liebhold, A., G. Zhou, L. Gribko, and M. Hohn. 1995.  Models that Predict the Spatial Dynamics of Gypsy Moth, Lymantria dispar  (L.), pp. 491-498 in "Populations. in: Population Dynamics of Forest Insects", F. Haine and T. Payne (eds.) Ohio State University. 644 pp.

Liebhold, A.M., K.W. Gottschalk, R. Muzika, M.E. Montgomery, R. Young, K. O’Day, and B. Kelley. 1995. Suitability of North American Tree Species to the Gypsy Moth: A Summary of Field and Laboratory Tests. USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-211.

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Williams, D.W., and A.M. Liebhold. 1995. Detection of delayed density dependence in ecological time series: effects of autocorrelation in an exogenous factor. Ecology 76: 1005-1008. PDF

Liebhold, A.M., J.S. Elkinton, G. Zhou, M.E. Hohn, R.E. Rossi, G.H. Boettner, C.W. Boettner, C. Burnham, and M.L. McManus. 1995.  Regional correlation of gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) defoliation with counts of egg masses, pupae, and male moths. Environ. Entomol.24: 193-203.

Gribko, L.S.,  A.M. Liebhold, and M.E. Hohn. 1995. A model to predict gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) defoliation using kriging and logistic regression. Environ. Entomol. 24: 529-537. PDF

Zhou, G. and A.M. Liebhold. 1995 Forecasting the spatial dynamics of gypsy moth outbreaks using cellular transition models. Landscape Ecology 10: 177-189. PDF


Liebhold, A.M., W.L. Macdonald, D.Bergdahl, and V.C. Mastro. 1995. Invasion by Exotic Forest Pests: A Threat to Forest Ecosystems. Forest Science Monographs 30. 49 p. PDF

Williams, D.W., and A.M. Liebhold. 1995. Potential changes in spatial distribution of outbreaks of forest defoliators under climate change. pp 509-513 in "Insects in a changing environment" (R. Harrington and N.E. Stork, eds.). Academic Press, London.

Williams, D.W. and A.M. Liebhold. 1995. Forest Insects and climatic change: potential changes in spatial distribution of outbreaks of two defoliators. Environ. Entomol. 24: 1-9.

Lyons, D.B. and A. Liebhold 1994. Microclimate effect on the phenology of egg hatch of the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae). pp. 27-40 in “Diapause and Gypys Moth Management: Status, Applications, and Research” (J.A. Logan, T.M. Odell, D.R. Gray, eds.) USDA For. Serv. Gen. Techn. Rep. NE-193.

Liebhold, A., K. Thorpe, J. Ghent, D.B. Lyons. 1994. Gypsy moth egg mass sampling for decision-making: a users' guide.  USDA Forest Service, Forest Health Management. NA-TP-94-04. PDF

Liebhold, A.M. 1994. Use and Abuse of Insect and Disease Models in Forest Pest Management: Past, Present, and Future. pp. 204-210 in Proceedings "Sustainable Ecological Systems: Implementing an Ecological Approach to Land Management", July 13-15, 1993, Flagstafff, AZ. USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-247.

Liebhold, A. 1994. Analytical Population Dynamics by T. Royama.  American Entomologist 40: 119 (book review).

Liebhold, A.M. and R.E. Rossi. 1994. Three public-domain geostatistical software packages. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 74: 340-343. (software review)

Liebhold, A.M., J.A. Halverson, G.A. Elmes and J. Quimby. 1994. Landscape characterization of gypsy moth susceptibility. Forest Science 40: 18-29. PDF

Hohn, M.E., A.M. Liebhold, L.S. Gribko. 1993. A geostatistical model for forecasting the spatial dynamics of defoliation caused by the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae). Environ. Entomol.  22: 1066-1077. PDF

Allen, J.C., J.L. Foltz, W.N. Dixon, A.M. Liebhold, J.J. Colbert, J. Regniere, D.R. Gray, J.W. Wilder and I. Christie. 1993. Will the gypsy moth become a pest in Florida? Florida Entomologist 76: 102-113

Liebhold, A.M. and H. Barrett, editors. 1993. Spatial Analysis and Forest Pest Managment. USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-175

Elmes, G.A., A.M. Liebhold and M.J. Twery. 1993. Two approaches to landscape characterization of susceptibility to gypsy moth defoliation. pp. 172-183 in "Spatial Analysis and Forest Pest Managment" (A.M. Liebhold, H. Barrett, eds.). USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-175.

Liebhold, A.M., M.E. Hohn., and L.S. Gribko. 1993. Forecasting the spatial dynamics of gypsy moth defoliation using 3-D Kriging. pp 150-159 in "Spatial Analysis and Forest Pest Managment" (A.M. Liebhold, H. Barrett, eds.). USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-175.

Liebhold, A., E. Luzader, J. Halverson. 1993. The spatial dynamics of invasions by exotic forest pests. pp125-132 in "Spatial Analysis and Forest Pest Managment" (A.M. Liebhold, H. Barrett, eds.). USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-175.

Hohn, M.E., L.S. Gribko, and A.M. Liebhold. 1993. Forecasting gypsy moth defoliation with inidcator kriging. in Proc. IV International Congress of Geostatistics, Portugal.

Russo, J., A. Liebhold and J. Kelley. 1993. Mesoscale climatological data as input to a gypsy moth phenology model. J. Econ. Entomol. 22: 838-844.

Liebhold, A.M., E.E. Simons, A. Sior and J.D. Unger. 1993. Forecasting defoliation caused by the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar, from field measurements. Environ. Entomol. 22: 26-32 PDF

Liebhold, A.M., R.E. Rossi, and W.P. Kemp. 1993. Geostatistics and geographic information systems in applied insect ecology. Ann. Rev. Entomol. 38: 303-327. PDF

Liebhold, A.M., J. Halverson and G. Elmes. 1992. Quantitative Analysis of the Invasion of Gypsy Moth in North America. J. Biogeography. 19: 513-520 PDF

Liebhold, A.M. 1992. Are gypsy moth populations bimodal? Environ Entmol. 21: 221-229. PDF


Logan, J.A., R.A. Casagrande, and A.M. Liebhold. 1991. Modeling environment for simuation of gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) larval phenology. Environ. Entomol. 20: 1516-1525

Lyons, D.B. and A.M. Liebhold. 1992. Effect of Spatial distribution and hatch time of egg masses of gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae). Environ. Entomol. 21: 354-358.

Liebhold, A.M. and J.S. Elkinton. reply to Allan Berryman. Trends in Ecol. & Evol. 6: 263.

Liebhold, A.M., Zhang, X. M. Hohn, J.S. Elkinton, M. Ticehurst, G.L. Benzon, and R.W. Campbell. 1991. Geostatistical analysis of gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar, egg mass populations. Environ. Entomol. 20: 1407-1417.

Liebhold, A.M., D. Twardus, and J. Buonaccorsi. 1991. Evaluation of the timed-walk method of estimating gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) egg mass densities. J. Econ. Entomol. 84: 1774-1781.

Liebhold, A.M. and P.J. Silk. 1991 Capture of Choristoneura pinus maritima in traps baited with C. pinus pinus pheromone components. J. Lepidopt. 45: 172-173 .

Liebhold, A.M and M.L. McManus. 1991 Does Larval Dispersal Cause the Spread of Gypsy Moth Outbreaks? Northern J. Appl. For. 8: 95-98

Woods, S.A., J.S. Elkinton, K.D. Murray, A.M. Liebhold, J.R. Gould, and J.D. Podgwaite. 1991. Transmission dynamics of a nuclear polyhedrosis virus and predicting mortality in gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) populations. J. Econ. Entomol. 84: 423-430.

Liebhold, A.M., J.A. Halverson and G.A. Elmes. 1991. Use of a GIS to analyze and predict gypsy moth defoliation and range expansion. Proceedings of 1990 annual gypsy moth management review.

Liebhold, A.M., J.A. Halverson and G.A. Elmes. 1990. Using GIS to describe and analyze gypsy moth spatial dynamics. pp. 684-692 in Proceedings of Resource Technology 90. Amer. Soc. Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing.

Liebhold, Andrew. 1990. Etienne Leopold Trouvelot, Gypsy Moth Perpetrator. Newsletter of the Michigan Entomological Society. 35(3): 1-2.

Liebhold, A.M., J. Halverson, G. Elmes, and J. Hutchinson. Landscape ecology of gypsy moth in the Northeastern U.S. p. 113 in Proceedings of US Dept. Agric. Interagency Gypsy Moth Research Review 1990. (K.W. Gottschalk,, M.J. Twery, and S.I. Smith, eds.). USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-146. (ABSTRACT)

Liebhold, A.M. and J. Halverson. 1990. Simulating the spread of the gypsy moth generally infested area. AIPM Demonstration Project News 3:(5): 2-3.

Elkinton, J.R. Gould, C.S. Ferguson, A.M. Liebhold, and W.E. Wallner. 1990. Experimental Manipulation of gypsy moth density to assess impact of natural enemies. pp. 275-287 in: "Population Dynamics of Forest Insects: Proceedings of an International Symposium" (A.D. Watt et al., eds.). Intercept Scientific Publications

Liebhold, A.M. and J.S. Elkinton. 1990. Models of the spatial dynamics of epidemic gypsy moth populations. 1990. pp. 359-367 in: "Population Dynamics of Forest Insects: Proceedings of an International Symposium" (A.D. Watt et al., eds.). Intercept Scientific Publications.

Elkinton, J.S. and A.M. Liebhold. 1990. Population dynamics of gypsy moth in North America. Ann. Rev. Entomol. 35: 571-596

Liebhold, A.M. 1989. Etienne Leopold Trouvelot, perpetrator of our problem. Gypsy Moth News. No. 20: 8-9.

Liebhold, A.M. and J.S. Elkinton. 1989. Elevated parasitism in artificially augmented populations of Lymantria dispar (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae). Environ. Entomol. 18: 986-995.

Liebhold, A.M. and J.S. Elkinton. 1989. Characterizing spatial patterns of gypsy moth regional defoliation. 1989. Forest Science. 35: 557-568.

Liebhold, A.M. 1989. A critical evaluation of the focal area hypothesis: quantitative analysis. in: Proc. 1988 Ann. Gypsy Moth Review, Dearborn, MI.

Liebhold, A., V. Mastro, and Paul W. Schaefer. 1989. Learning from the legacy of Leopold Trouvelot. Bull. Entomol. Soc. Am. 35: 20-21.

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Elkinton, J.S., J.R. Gould, A.M. Liebhold, H.R. Smith, W.E. Wallner. 1988. Are gypsy moth populations in North America regulated at low density? pp. 233-349 in: "The Lymantriidae: Old and New World Tussock Moths" (W. Wallner, ed.) USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-123.

Liebhold, A.M. and J.S. Elkinton. 1988. Spatial aspects of gypsy moth population dynamics. pp. 203-215 in: "The Lymantriidae: Old and New World Tussock Moths" (W. Wallner, ed.). USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-123.

Buonaccorsi, J.P. and A.M. Liebhold. 1988. Estimating the size of gypsy moth populations using ratios. in: "Estimating and analyzing insect populations" (L. McDonald, B. Manly, J. Lockwood & J. Logan, eds.). Springer Verlag, New York.

Liebhold, A.M. and J.S. Elkinton. 1988. Use of multi-dimensional life tables for studying insect population dynamics. in: "Estimating and analyzing insect populations" (L. McDonald, B. Manly, J. Lockwood & J. Logan, eds.). Springer Verlag, New York

Buonaccorsi, J. and A. Liebhold. 1988. Statistical Methods for estimation of ratios and products in ecological research. Environ. Entomol. 17: 572-580

Liebhold, A.M., J.S. Elkinton, D.R. Miller and Y.S. Wang. 1988. Estimating oak leaf area index and gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae), defoliation using canopy photographs.  Environ. Entomol. 17: 560-566

Liebhold, A.M. and J.S. Elkinton. 1988. Estimating the density of larval Gypsy Moth, Lymantria dispar (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae), using frass drop and frass production measurements: sources of variation and sample size. Environ. Entomol. 17: 385-390. PDF

Liebhold, A.M. and J.S. Elkinton. 1988. Techniques for estimating the density of larval Gypsy Moth, Lymantria dispar (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae), using frass drop and frass production measurements. Environ. Entomol. 17: 381-384. PDF

Liebhold, A.M. 1986. Larval coloration of hybrids between Choristoneura occidentalis and C. retiniana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Can. Ent. 118: 857-860.

Liebhold, A.M., J.S. Elkinton and W.E. Wallner. 1986. Effect of burlap bands on between-tree movement of late instar gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae). Environ. Entomol. 15: 373-379.

Liebhold, A.M., P. Berck, N. Williams, and D.L. Wood. 1986. Estimating and valuing western pine beetle impacts. Forest Science 32: 325-338.

Volney, W.J.A. and A.M. Liebhold. 1986. Post-diapause development of sympatric Choristoneura occidentalis, C. retiniana, (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) and their hybrids. Can. Ent. 117:1479-1488.

Liebhold, A.M. and W.J.A. Volney. 1985. Effects of attractant composition and release rate on attraction of male Choristoneura retiniana, C. occidentalis and C. carnana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Can. Ent. 117: 447-557.

Liebhold, A.M. 1984. Behavioral aspects of reproductive isolation between Choristoneura occidentalis and C. retiniana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). PhD dissertation, Unversity of Calfornia, Berkeley. 135 pp.

Liebhold, A.M. and W.J.A. Volney. 1984. Effect of temporal factors on reproductive isolation between Choristoneura occidentalis and C. retiniana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Can. Ent. 116: 991-1005

Volney, W.J.A., A.M. Liebhold and W.E. Waters. 1984. Host associations, phenotypic variation, and mating compatibility of Choristoneura occidentalis and C. retiniana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) populations in south-central Oregon. Can. Ent. 116: 813-826.

Liebhold, A.M., W.J.A. Volney and W.E. Waters. 1984. Evaluation of cross-attraction between sympatric Choristoneura occidentalis and C. retiniana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) populations in south-central Oregon. Can. Ent. 116: 827-840.

Volney, W.J.A., A.M. Liebhold and W.E. Waters. 1983. Effects of temperature, sex and genetic background on coloration of Choristoneura  spp. (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) populations in south-central Oregon. Can. Ent. 115: 1583-1596.

Liebhold, A.M. and W.J.A. Volney. 1983. Effect of foliage proximity on attraction of Choristoneura occidentalis and C. retiniana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) to pheromone sources. J. Chem. Ecol. 10: 217-227

Volney, W.J.A., W.E. Waters, R.P. Akers and A.M. Liebhold. 1982. Variation in spring emergence patterns among Western Choristoneura spp. (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) populations in Southern Oregon. Can. Ent. 115: 199-209.

Liebhold , A.M., W.J.A. Volney and H.E. Schorn. 1982. An unidentified leaf mine in fossil Mahonia reticulata (Berberidaceae). Can. Ent. 114: 455